Last year I went on an Introduction to Copy-Editing course run by the Society for Editors and Proofreaders.
It was a great course and one of the most useful things that I took away from it was the use of an editorial style sheet.
This is a sheet where you record all of your decisions about spelling, capitalisation, punctuation, typography and specific words or terms. It is more descriptive than prescriptive. You write down the decisions that you made at the point you come across them in your edit and then later in the manuscript when you’re faced with the same style decision again you have a record of what you did earlier.
I found it extremely useful in my edit of Heartweed to ensure consistency among irregular verb forms like leapt/leaped, leant/leaned. I’m a horror for alternating between the irregular and regular forms in both speech and writing depending on the context. With leant and leaned I’ve notice that I’ll use leaned if I want the action to seem slower, but leant in the rest of cases.
Here’s an example of an empty style sheet:
(I was going to show you my live Heartweed one, but it was scruffy and illegible to all but me.)
The fields are:
- Title (both self-explanatory)
This section is where you record general decisions about spelling, rather than specific words. For example, in my Heartweed style sheet I have “ise” and “wards”, indicating that I’ve gone with British conventions on words like specialise/specialize and towards/toward.
This section perhaps not as useful for fiction, but for editing non-fiction it is key. How do you represent numbers? As words or digits? For example, in my previous job the house style was to write out all numbers up to ten and from then on use figures (11, 12, etc.).
How are you using quotation marks throughout? Doubles on the outside and singles on the inside in speech. Singles or doubles for ‘scare quotes’? What kind of dashes are you using? Ems? Or ens set off by spaces? Three dots or the ellipsis character? These are all decisions that I consciously made and then enforced throughout my manuscript in the edit.
What font face are you using for different parts of the text. In my style sheet I wrote “bold, indent for texts and email” and “italic for remembered speech”. Both of those happen infrequently enough in my novel that it was useful to have an at-a-glance refresher when I was going through and doing the markup.
- Alphabet section
The section at the bottom is 20 boxes – one for each letter, with some doubling or trebling up (IJK, PQ, UV, XYZ). In each of these boxes I put words or terms that begin with the appropriate letter that I have had to make a decision about. It’s like your own dictionary. For example, in Heartweed I made the decision to write “Faerie” for the land, “faerie” for the name of the creature, and “fae” as the adjectival form. When to capitalise “Gentry” and “Shadows” was also captured in the appropriate boxes in this section of the sheet.
The good part is that now I have a style sheet for Heartweed that I can apply to the next book in the series, to keep consistency between novels as well as between chapters.